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Set on the equator, in western Central Africa, Gabon is stunningly beautiful and has the potential to be one of the world’s top destinations for ecotourism.

Currently, its oil and mineral reserves, combined with a small population, have helped Gabon become one of Africa’s wealthiest countries. But the late President Bongo realised his country was too dependent on its oil, so gave more than 10% of the country over to national parks in 2002, acknowledging that Gabon’s other natural resources could be key to its economic future.

This is a land of astonishing wildlife, including lowland gorillas and chimpanzees, while endangered turtles and whales ply its unspoilt Atlantic coast. It has fantastic potential for ecotourism and adventure travel, but still has a long way to go in terms of infrastructure.

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Wanderlust recommends

  1. Visit Loango National Park for its mix of coast and rainforest: humpback whales and turtles can be seen in season; elephants and hippos patrol the beaches; gorillas and chimps are sometimes seen.
  2. Lopé National Park has thousands of gorillas, with a research station, Mikongo, where you can stay. It is also famous for its huge troops of mandrills, with several hundred sometimes seen together, particularly in July and August.
  3. Bais are forest clearings where wildlife congregate. One of the best known, especially for its gorilla sightings, is Langoue Bai in Ivindo National Park. The park also has the stunning Mingouli waterfalls.

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You will need a visa to visit Gabon. For full information on the visa application process, visit the website of the Gabonese Embassy in the UK.
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Central African CFA franc

When to go

Gabon is a year-round destination. Climate-wise it is hot and humid all year. The dry season is May to September, while December and January tend to be a mini dry season with very little rain. The wet seasons are February to April and October/November. Roads can become impassable during this time, however the parks remain open and offer good viewing.

Gorillas and chimps are most often seen from October to March when there is more food around and they don’t need to travel so far.

Four species of turtle, including leatherbacks, lay their eggs on the beaches from November to March. Humpback whales are seen off the coast from July to September/October.

International airports

Libreville Leon M’ba International (LBV), 12km from the city.

Getting around

There are very few sealed roads, so the most comfortable and quick option is to take internal flights or the Trans-Gabon train.

Buses do run between major centres and are very cheap. Car hire is available but you’ll need a 4WD if venturing out of town. Roads can be completely impassable in the rains.


International hotels can be found in Libreville and in Port Gentil, the centre for the oil and timber industries and so full of expats.

Accommodation in the national parks is rustic and comfortable but not yet anywhere near the standard you would get in East or Southern Africa.

Food & drink

The food has a strong French influence, with baguettes being the nearest thing to a national dish. Main meals tend to be barbecued/grilled meat or fish served with rice, potatoes, plantain or manioc. Bushmeat is widely eaten.

There is a range of international cuisine available in Libreville and Port Gentil, as well as imported French wines. Prices tend to be on the high side, even by European standards.

Vegetarians won’t find it the most interesting place to eat, with omelette being the usual dish offered. Fortunately there is plenty of fresh fruit.

Health & safety

A yellow fever certificate is mandatory, and spot checks take place at immigration. Take advice from a specialist travel clinic or your GP regarding antimalarials and immunisations. Drink bottled mineral water.